2019年第5期 装备与机械化

  • 精准变量施肥机械研究现状与发展建议
  • Research Status and Development Suggestions of Precision Variable-rate Fertilization Machine
  • 作者
  • 单位
  • 韩英
  • 中国农业机械化科学研究院,北京100083
  • 贾如
  • 中国农业机械化科学研究院,北京100083
  • 唐汉
  • 东北农业大学,哈尔滨 黑龙江150030
  • 摘要:精准变量施肥是化肥现代减施增效技术体系重要组成部分之一,可因地制宜全面平衡施肥用量,保证化肥合理施用,在农业生产中具有重要作用。为满足对精准变量施肥机械迫切需求,重点阐述精准变量施肥技术概况,分析国内外配套施肥机械的技术特点和应用概况,并针对中国变量施肥机械化作业所存在的问题提出相应发展建议,为精准变量施肥技术及配套机械研究提供有效参考。
  • 关键词:精准农业;变量施肥机械;研究现状;发展建议
  • 基金项目:国家现代农业产业技术体系建设项目(项目编号:CARS-01-44);国家自然科学基金项目(项目编号:51675093)
  • Abstract:As an important component of modern chemical fertilizer reduction and efficiency increase key technologies,precision variable-rate fertilization can fully balance fertilizer application amount according to local conditions.It has important significance to the development of grain production safety and high-efficiency agriculture.Considering requirements for application of precision variable-rate fertilization machine,the overview of precision variable-rate fertilization technology was illustrated.The technical features and application statuses of variable-rate fertilization machines were analyzed.Development suggestions of precision variable-rate fertilization technology were expected clearly based on requirement of sustainable agricultural development,which provided some references for related research.
  • Key words:precision agriculture,variable-rate fertilization machine,research status,development suggestions

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