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李联奇,崔茂森.山东省小麦生产效率评价及影响因素[J].农业工程,2024,14(6):155-160. DOI: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2024.06.027
引用本文: 李联奇,崔茂森.山东省小麦生产效率评价及影响因素[J].农业工程,2024,14(6):155-160. DOI: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2024.06.027
LI Lianqi,CUI Maosen.Evaluation and influencing factors of wheat production efficiency in Shandong Province[J].Agricultural Engineering,2024,14(6):155-160. DOI: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2024.06.027
Citation: LI Lianqi,CUI Maosen.Evaluation and influencing factors of wheat production efficiency in Shandong Province[J].Agricultural Engineering,2024,14(6):155-160. DOI: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2024.06.027

山东省小麦生产效率评价及影响因素

Evaluation and Influencing Factors of Wheat Production Efficiency in Shandong Province

  • 摘要: 基于更充分考虑粮食生产过程的投入指标对全要素生产效率的影响,使用包含了非期望产出规模报酬不变的SBM模型对2000—2020年山东省小麦全要素生产效率进行测算,并建立Tobit固定效应模型对影响小麦生产因素进行分析。结果表明,机械要素对于山东省小麦全要素生产率的影响没有对小麦产量影响程度大;山东省小麦主产城市的全要素生产率明显高于非主产城市,主要体现在技术效率方面;山东省小麦的技术效率与规模效率指数变化趋势高度相同。提出了相关建议:根据各地区特点及发展状况改善经营规模,提高人力资本水平,推广机械设备科技含量,研发高效率农机,减少损耗,资源配置满足当地区域发展的前景及需求,提高山东省小麦全要素生产率。

     

    Abstract: Based on impact of input indicators that could fully consider grain production process on total factor production efficiency, the SBM model, which included non expected output scale returns, was used to calculate total factor production efficiency of wheat in Shandong Province from 2000 to 2020.A Tobit fixed effects model was established to analyze factors affecting wheat production.Results indicated that impact of mechanical factors on total factor productivity of wheat in Shandong Province was not significant in terms of wheat yield; total factor productivity of major wheat producing cities in Shandong Province was significantly higher than that of non major producing cities, mainly reflected in technical efficiency; direction and trend of technical efficiency and scale efficiency index of wheat in Shandong Province were highly similar.Based on research findings, relevant suggestions were proposed to improve business scale, enhance human capital level, promote technological content of machinery and equipment, develop high-efficiency agricultural machinery, reduce losses, and allocate resources to meet prospects and needs of local regional development, in order to improve total factor productivity of wheat in Shandong Province.

     

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