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人工增雨对缓解阜新市农业干旱的作用

孙宝利 孙可 张旭 杨晓彤 魏泽楷 舒海燕

孙宝利,孙可,张旭,等.人工增雨对缓解阜新市农业干旱的作用[J].农业工程,2022,12(8):44-50. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.008
引用本文: 孙宝利,孙可,张旭,等.人工增雨对缓解阜新市农业干旱的作用[J].农业工程,2022,12(8):44-50. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.008
SUN Baoli,SUN Ke,ZHANG Xu,et al.Effect of artificial precipitation on alleviating agricultural drought in Fuxin City[J].Agricultural Engineering,2022,12(8):44-50. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.008
Citation: SUN Baoli,SUN Ke,ZHANG Xu,et al.Effect of artificial precipitation on alleviating agricultural drought in Fuxin City[J].Agricultural Engineering,2022,12(8):44-50. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.008

人工增雨对缓解阜新市农业干旱的作用

doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.008
基金项目: 辽宁省气象局科研项目(ZD202208)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    孙宝利,高级工程师,主要从事农业气象服务和人工影响天气研究 E-mail:fxqxj2015@163.com

    舒海燕,通信作者,高级工程师,主要从事气象服务研究 E-mail:457865926@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: S166

Effect of Artificial Precipitation on Alleviating Agricultural Drought in Fuxin City

  • 摘要:

    利用阜新市阜新国家基本气象观测站1991—2021年降水量、土壤墒情气象观测数据、农业气象干旱灾情及人工增雨相关资料,采用数理统计方法对阜新市干旱特征及其对农业生产的危害、降水量分布及其与干旱相关性、云水资源开发潜力、人工增雨作业能力及其对缓解农业干旱的作用等进行分析、总结,提出科学开展人工增雨有效措施,旨在为阜新市科学合理开发空中云水资源、增加地面水资源总量、有效缓解农业干旱和减轻农业干旱灾害损失提供参考。

     

  • 图 1  阜新市1991—2021年作物生长期降水量年变化

    Figure 1.  Annual change of precipitation during crop growth period in Fuxin from 1991 to 2021

    图 2  阜新市1991—2021年作物生长期降水量月变化

    Figure 2.  Monthly change of precipitation during crop growth period in Fuxin from 1991 to 2021

    图 3  1991—2021年阜新市作物生长期降水量与同期干旱强度指数对比

    Figure 3.  Comparison between precipitation during cropgrowth period and drought intensity index in Fuxin from 1991 to 2021

    图 4  阜新市作物生长期降水量变化

    Figure 4.  Precipitation change during crop growth period in Fuxin

    图 5  阜新市1991—2021年干旱强度指数变化

    Figure 5.  Change of drought intensity index in Fuxin from 1991 to 2021

    图 6  阜新市1991—2021年作物生长期降水量与粮食产量变化

    Figure 6.  Changes in precipitation and grain yield during crop growth period in Fuxin from 1991 to 2021

    表  1  1991—2021年阜新市作物生长期发生的干旱频次和干旱等级统计结果

    Table  1.   Statistical results of drought frequency and droughtgrade during crop growth period in Fuxin from 1991 to 2021

    项目轻旱中旱重旱干旱合计
    春旱3 4 916
    夏旱2 41218
    秋旱4 6 313
    合计9142447
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  阜新市冷云人工增雨作业条件指标

    Table  2.   Operation condition indexes of cold cloud artificial precipitation enhancement in Fuxin

    指标名称判别方法指标值
    冷云催化区温度/°CCPAS平台探空产品−15~−5
    云顶温度/°CCPAS平台云反演产品−50~−20
    0 °C层高度/kmCPAS平台探空产品1.9~5.5
    −5 °C层高度/kmCPAS平台探空产品2.6~6.3
    −7 °C层高度/kmCPAS平台探空产品2.8~6.7
    −10 °C层高度/kmCPAS平台探空产品3.1~7.3
    −15 °C层高度/kmCPAS平台探空产品4.7~8.2
    云底高度/kmCPAS平台云反演产品1.2~2.5
    云顶高度/kmCPAS平台云反演产品8.5~14.0
    过冷层厚度/kmCPAS平台云反演产品>2
    雷达回拨强度/dbzCPAS平台雷达产品>20
    火箭作业仰角/(°)作业高度、仰角判别曲线55~75
    AgI火箭弹用量/枚利用公式 M= VN/Q2~5
    AgI飞机烟条用量/根3~5
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-28
  • 修回日期:  2022-07-17
  • 出版日期:  2022-08-20

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