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基于生态系统服务的附属农用地生态景观模块化设计

易帅莹 张丽媛 黄璐 陈新明 胡广

易帅莹,张丽媛,黄璐,等.基于生态系统服务的附属农用地生态景观模块化设计[J].农业工程,2022,12(8):78-86. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.014
引用本文: 易帅莹,张丽媛,黄璐,等.基于生态系统服务的附属农用地生态景观模块化设计[J].农业工程,2022,12(8):78-86. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.014
YI Shuaiying,ZHANG Liyuan,HUANG Lu,et al.Modular design of ecological landscape of affiliated agricultural land based on ecosystem services[J].Agricultural Engineering,2022,12(8):78-86. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.014
Citation: YI Shuaiying,ZHANG Liyuan,HUANG Lu,et al.Modular design of ecological landscape of affiliated agricultural land based on ecosystem services[J].Agricultural Engineering,2022,12(8):78-86. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.014

基于生态系统服务的附属农用地生态景观模块化设计

doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.014
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(32171570);浙江理工大学基本科研业务费(2021Q037)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    易帅莹,硕士生,主要从事景观生态学研究 E-mail:ericayik@163.com

    胡广,通信作者,博士,副教授,主要从事景观生态学研究 E-mail:hug163@163.com

  • 中图分类号: F301.2

Modular Design of Ecological Landscape of Affiliated Agricultural Land Based on Ecosystem Services

  • 摘要:

    农用地为人类提供的多元功能很大程度上取决于农用地的生态系统服务功能,对农业生态景观进行科学合理设计是提升农用地生态系统服务的有效途径之一。但是,占据一定面积的附属农用地在现有的农用地生态景观设计中常被忽略。为了有效发挥附属农用地的生态景观效应,增加农用地物种丰富度和相关生态系统服务,以生态系统服务作为切入点,对田坎、田间道路、沟渠和护坡等附属农用地的生态景观设计进行研究,重点研究附属农用地生态景观的模块化设计方法。研究结果提出了5大类10种景观设计模块,并对其生态和景观效应、适用场地和组合应用进行了分析。该设计方法可以在满足农业生产辅助功能的基础上,构建能够提升生物多样性水平,改善农用地生态系统服务价值,同时又能体现地域性特色的农业土地景观。

     

  • 图 1  附属农用地类型及相对位置

    1. 田块边缘 2. 田间道路 3. 沟渠 4. 护坡

    Figure 1.  Type and location of affiliated agricultural land

    图 2  生态田坎模块设计

    Figure 2.  Modular design of ecological ridge

    图 3  生态田间道路模块设计

    Figure 3.  Modular design of ecological field track

    图 4  生态沟渠模块设计

    Figure 4.  Modular design of ecological canal

    图 5  生态护坡模块设计

    Figure 5.  Modular design of ecological revetment

    图 6  田间林地模块设计

    Figure 6.  Modular design of woods in agricultural land

    图 7  生态模块在附属农用地中的应用

    a. 生态田坎模块 b. 田间林地模块 c. 生态护坡模块d. 生态沟渠模块 e. 生物通道模块

    Figure 7.  Application of ecological modules on affiliated agricultural lands

    表  1  附属农用地潜在生态系统服务

    Table  1.   Potential ecosystem services of affiliated agricultural land

    类型利用现状潜在生态系统服务具体功能
    田坎大多用于分隔田块和通行,偶见种植少量蔬菜和豆类支持;供给;调节提供农产品;栖息地;传粉
    田间道路通行,晾晒支持;供给;调节;文化栖息地和生物通道;果实和药材;气候调节;地域性景观
    沟渠农田灌溉支持;供给;调节;文化灌溉;水生生境;污染净化;地域性景观
    护坡无利用荒地支持;调节;文化栖息地;水土保持;污染净化;气候调节;地域性景观
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  附属农用地生态系统服务提升目标

    Table  2.   Improvement targets of ecosystem services across ecological modules of affiliated agricultural land

    类别模块供给
    服务
    支持
    服务
    调节
    服务
    文化
    服务
    田坎生产田坎模块×
    屏障田坎模块××
    小气候调节田坎模块×
    污染净化田坎模块×××
    田间道路乡土道路模块
    生物廊道模块×××
    沟渠生态沟渠模块
    护坡生态护坡模块
    防护林模块××
    田间林地田间林地模块×
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-21
  • 修回日期:  2022-04-29
  • 出版日期:  2022-08-20

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