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6种农药对陕西省关中地区草地贪夜蛾的田间药效试验

雷琼 林鑫 巨亚绒

雷琼,林鑫,巨亚绒.6种农药对陕西省关中地区草地贪夜蛾的田间药效试验[J].农业工程,2022,12(8):131-134. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.024
引用本文: 雷琼,林鑫,巨亚绒.6种农药对陕西省关中地区草地贪夜蛾的田间药效试验[J].农业工程,2022,12(8):131-134. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.024
LEI Qiong,LIN Xin,JU Yarong.Field efficacy tests of six pesticides against Spodoptera frugiperda in Guanzhong Area of Shaanxi Province[J].Agricultural Engineering,2022,12(8):131-134. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.024
Citation: LEI Qiong,LIN Xin,JU Yarong.Field efficacy tests of six pesticides against Spodoptera frugiperda in Guanzhong Area of Shaanxi Province[J].Agricultural Engineering,2022,12(8):131-134. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.024

6种农药对陕西省关中地区草地贪夜蛾的田间药效试验

doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2022.08.024
基金项目: 杨凌职业技术学院科学研究基金计划项目(ZK20-58)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    雷琼,副教授,主要从事植物保护教学和科研工作 E-mail:1148406220@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: S433.4

Field Efficacy Tests of Six Pesticides Against Spodoptera frugiperda in Guanzhong Area of Shaanxi Province

  • 摘要:

    为明确20%氯虫苯甲酰胺SC、15%茚虫威SC、5%甲氨基阿维菌素苯甲酸盐EC、4%甲维·氟铃脲ME、10%甲维·甲虫肼SC和2.5%高效氯氟氰菊酯ME共6种药剂对陕西省关中地区草地贪夜蛾的田间防治效果,采用随机区组排列,在陕西省乾县玉米地进行了田间药效试验。结果表明:20%氯虫苯甲酰胺SC的防治效果最好,施药后第3天、第7天和第10天防效分别为82.66%、87.09%和94.95%;5%甲氨基阿维菌素苯甲酸盐EC和15%茚虫威SC的防治效果次之;4%甲维·氟铃脲ME、10%甲维·甲虫肼SC防治草地贪夜蛾速效性较好,迟效性较差;2.5%高效氯氟氰菊酯ME防治效果最差。生产实践中预防草地贪夜蛾,建议使用20%氯虫苯甲酰胺SC、5%甲氨基阿维菌素苯甲酸盐EC或15%茚虫威SC。

     

  • 表  1  试验设计

    Table  1.   Experimental design

    处理编号药品名称有效成分剂量/(g·hm−2制剂用量/(g·hm−2
    120%氯虫苯甲酰胺SC45225
    215%茚虫威SC20134
    35%甲氨基阿维菌素苯甲酸盐EC15300
    44%甲维·氟铃脲ME15375
    510%甲维·甲虫肼SC20200
    62.5%高效氯氟氰菊酯ME15600
    7清水对照/仅喷施和药液等量的水
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  各处理对玉米草地贪夜蛾的防治效果

    Table  2.   Control effect of different treatments on Spodoptera frugiperda in corn field

    处理编号施药前虫口基数/头施药后第3天施药后第7天施药后第10天
    虫口减退率/%防治效果/%虫口减退率/%防治效果/%虫口减退率/%防治效果/%
    1230.0082.8782.66a90.8387.09a95.9994.95a
    2228.3080.6780.83a85.9282.43a89.2487.45a
    3193.0083.7381.89a88.4485.58a91.7990.43a
    4200.0076.1276.32b82.8379.98b78.6575.10c
    5201.0075.0275.23b82.5578.23b78.5875.02c
    6128.5074.3671.45b75.5164.60c87.6960.70d
    7140.25−0.86/19.86/14.24/
    注:施药前的虫口基数、虫口减退率及防治效果均是各重复处理的平均数,表中同列各小写字母代表各处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-24
  • 修回日期:  2022-05-16
  • 出版日期:  2022-08-20

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