中国农业机械化科学研究院集团有限公司 主管

北京卓众出版有限公司 主办

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于GIS的沟壑区苹果花期冻害评估技术

白燕荣 孙智辉 刘志超 曹雪梅 雷延鹏

白燕荣,孙智辉,刘志超,等.基于GIS的沟壑区苹果花期冻害评估技术[J].农业工程,2023,13(8):68-73. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2023.08.012
引用本文: 白燕荣,孙智辉,刘志超,等.基于GIS的沟壑区苹果花期冻害评估技术[J].农业工程,2023,13(8):68-73. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2023.08.012
BAI Yanrong,SUN Zhihui,LIU Zhichao,et al.GIS-based evaluation technology of freezing injury at flowering stage of apple in gully region[J].Agricultural Engineering,2023,13(8):68-73. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2023.08.012
Citation: BAI Yanrong,SUN Zhihui,LIU Zhichao,et al.GIS-based evaluation technology of freezing injury at flowering stage of apple in gully region[J].Agricultural Engineering,2023,13(8):68-73. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2023.08.012

基于GIS的沟壑区苹果花期冻害评估技术

doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2023.08.012
基金项目: 陕西省科技计划项目(2022NY-221)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    白燕荣,硕士,工程师,主要从事气象服务研究 E-mail:1083345194@qq.com

    孙智辉,通信作者,研究员级高级工程师,主要从事遥感与应用气象研究 E-mail:1061130136@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: S162

GIS-based Evaluation Technology of Freezing Injury at Flowering Stage of Apple in Gully Region

  • 摘要:

    利用2022年5月1日陕西省志丹县38个最低温度观测数据,结合志丹县高程数据、苹果种植数据,开展志丹县最低温度插值方法和温度对果树影响的分析研究。结果表明,志丹县分别有3.5%、2.1%和11.7%的苹果种植在陡坡、低洼处和面向北的不适宜栽植区域,应进行种植调整;5月1日最低温度表现为河谷最低,随着海拔升高温度也在升高的特征。随机森林加一元线性回归进行温度插值可将拟合误差降到1 °C左右,空间插值精度达到30 m,对河谷和山顶果园温度模拟结果较好,半山坡的温度模拟略差;温度空间分布与苹果种植数据相结合,发现2022年约有3.2%的苹果园受到低温的重度影响,能精准指出苹果受温度影响的地块位置、面积大小及影响程度,对冻害预警、影响评估和灾后补救有科学指导意义。

     

  • 图 1  志丹县不同海拔高度苹果园分布

    Figure 1.  Distribution of apple orchard at different altitudes inZhidan County

    图 2  志丹县不同海拔高度苹果种植面积

    Figure 2.  Apple planting area at different altitudes in Zhidan County

    图 3  志丹县不同坡度苹果种植面积累计占比

    Figure 3.  Cumulative percentage of apple planting area on differentslopes in Zhidan County

    图 4  志丹县不同坡向苹果种植面积占比

    Figure 4.  Proportion of apple planting area on different slopes inZhidan County

    图 5  5月1日模拟温度与实测温度对比

    Figure 5.  Comparison of simulated temperature and measured temperature on May 1st

    图 6  5月1日志丹县最低温度插值

    Figure 6.  Interpolation of the lowest temperature in Zhidan County on May 1st

    图 7  志丹县最低温度对苹果园影响分布

    Figure 7.  Distribution of influence of minimum temperature on apple orchard in Zhidan County

  • [1] 万炜,师纪博,刘忠,等.栖霞市苹果园氮磷养分平衡及环境风险评价[J].农业工程学报,2020,36(4): 211 - 219 .

    WAN Wei,SHI Jibo,LIU Zhong,et al.Nitrogen and phosphorus nutrient balance and environmental risk assessment of apple orchard in Qixia City[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2020,36(4): 211 - 219 .
    [2] 张玥滢,刘布春,邱美娟,等.气候变化背景下中国苹果适宜种植区北移西扩:基于高分辨率格点气象数据的区划分析[J].中国农业气象,2019,40(11): 678 - 691 .

    ZHANG Yueying,LIU Buchun,QIU Meijuan,et al.Areas suitable for growing apples moved northward and westward in china under the background of climate change:climatic degionalization of apple based on high-resolution meteorological grid data[J].Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology,2019,40(11): 678 - 691 .
    [3] 徐佳,樊海东,倪健.1950—2015 年中国植物物候变化的集成分析[J].亚热带资源与环境学报,2019,14(2): 1 - 11 .

    XU Jia,FAN Haidong,NI Jian.Meta-analysis of plant phenological change in China during 1950 and 2015[J].Journal of Subtropical Resources and Environment,2019,14(2): 1 - 11 .
    [4] 刘璐,王景红,柏秦凤,等.气候变化对黄土高原苹果主产地物候期的影响[J].果树学报,2020,37(3): 330 - 338 . doi: 10.13925/j.cnki.gsxb.20190254

    LIU Lu,WANG Jinghong,BAI Qinfeng,et al.Impact of climate changes on apple's phenophases in the main producing areas of the Loess Plateau in China[J].Journal of Fruit Science,2020,37(3): 330 - 338 . doi: 10.13925/j.cnki.gsxb.20190254
    [5] 刘璐,王景红,傅玮东,等.中国北方主产地苹果始花期与气候要素的关系[J].中国农业气象,2020,41(1): 51 - 60 .

    LIU Lu,WANG Jinghong,FU Weidong,et al.Relationship between apple's first flower and climate factors in the main producing areas of the Northern China[J].Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology,2020,41(1): 51 - 60 .
    [6] 刘志超,孙智辉,雷延鹏.黄土高原丘陵沟壑区春季温度变化对苹果花期冻害的影响[J].江苏农业科学,2021,49(13): 131 - 136 .
    [7] 屈振江,周广胜,魏钦平.苹果花期冻害气象指标和风险评估[J].应用气象学报,2016,27(4): 385 - 395 .

    QU Zhenjiang,ZHOU Guangsheng,WEI Qinping.Meteorological disaster index and risk assessment of frost injury during apple florescence[J].Journal of Applied Meteorological Science,2016,27(4): 385 - 395 .
    [8] 杨建莹,霍治国,王培娟,等.中国北方苹果干旱等级指标构建及危险性评价[J].应用气象学报,2021,32(1): 25 - 37 .

    YANG Jianying,HUO Zhiguo,WANG Peijuan,et al.Evaluation index construction and hazard risk assessment on apple drought in northern China[J].Journal of Applied Meteorological Science,2021,32(1): 25 - 37 .
    [9] 邬定荣,霍治国,王培娟,等.陕西苹果花期机理性预报模型的适用性评价[J].应用气象学报,2019,30(5):555-564.

    WU Dingrong,HUO Zhiguo,WANG Peijuan,et al.The applicability of mechanism phenology models to simulating apple flowering date in Shanxi Province[J].Journal of Applied Meteorology Science,2019,30(5):555-564.
    [10] 雷延鹏,孙智辉,宗廷国,等.洛川苹果花期防冻试验效果分析[J].湖北农业科学,2019(1): 81 - 83,132 .

    LEI Yanpeng,SUN Zhihui,ZONG Tingguo,et al.Ana1ysis on the effects of anti-freezing test during Luochuan app1e f1owering period[J].Hubei Agricultural Sciences,2019(1): 81 - 83,132 .
    [11] 李美荣,杜继稳,李星敏,等.陕西果区苹果始花期预测模型[J].中国农业气象,2009,30(3): 417 - 420 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6362.2009.03.025

    LI Meirong,DU Jiwen,LI Xingmin,et al.Prediction model for beginning of apple flowering period in fruit growing areas of Shaanxi Province[J].Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology,2009,30(3): 417 - 420 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6362.2009.03.025
    [12] 柏秦凤,王景红,屈振江,等.陕西苹果花期预测模型研究[J].中国农学通报,2013,29(19): 164 - 169 . doi: 10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.2012-4088

    BAI Qinfeng,WANG Jinghong,QU Zhenjiang,et al.The research on Shaanxi apple florescence prediction model[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2013,29(19): 164 - 169 . doi: 10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.2012-4088
    [13] 袁佰顺,许彦平,姚晓红,等.基于春季晚霜冻害的天水苹果气候风险区划[J].干旱区资源与环境,2015,29(2): 185 - 189 . doi: 10.13448/j.cnki.jalre.2015.067

    YUAN Baishun,XU Yanping,YAO Xiaohong,et al.The compartment of later frost climate risk for apple in Tianshui[J].Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment,2015,29(2): 185 - 189 . doi: 10.13448/j.cnki.jalre.2015.067
    [14] 王明昌,刘布春,刘园,等.陕西苹果主产县花期冻害风险评估[J].中国农业气象,2020,41(6): 381 - 392 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6362.2020.06.005

    WANG Mingchang,LIU Buchun,LIU Yuan,et al.Assessment on the freezing injury risk during apple flowering in Liquan and Xunyi[J].Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology,2020,41(6): 381 - 392 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6362.2020.06.005
    [15] 陕西:果业为美丽陕西建设提供有力支撑[J].中国果业信息,2020,37(4):48-49.
    [16] 王润红.陕西富士系苹果花期冻害和水分适宜度研究[D].杨凌:西北农林科技大学,2021.

    WANG Runhong.Freezing damage and water suitability during flowering dates of Fuji apple trees in Shaanxi[D].Yangling:Northwest A & F University,2021.
    [17] 雷延鹏,孙智辉,曹雪梅,等.延安5次苹果花期冻害影响分析[J].中国农学通报2018,34(32):102-107.

    LEI Yanpeng,SUN Zhihui,CAO Xuemei,et al.5 freeze injuries effect on apple during flowering period in Yan'an[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2018,34(32):102-107.
    [18] 韩芳琴,孙智辉,刘志超,等.黄土高原丘陵沟壑区气温垂直变化特征[J].延安大学学报(自然科学版),2011,30(2): 69 - 74 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-602X.2011.02.023

    HAN Fangqin,SUN Zhihui,LIU Zhichao,et al.Variation characteristics of mountain temperatures in the Gully Region of Loess Plateau[J].Journal of Yan'an University (Natural Science Edition),2011,30(2): 69 - 74 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-602X.2011.02.023
    [19] 曲静,尹盟毅,孙智辉.黄土高原丘陵沟壑区山地与川地气温对比分析[J].陕西气象,2008(1): 49 - 52 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-4354.2008.01.014
    [20] 林娜,王伟,王斌.基于随机森林和Landsat8 OLI影像的脐橙果园种植信息提取[J].地理空间信息,2021,19(11): 96 - 100 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-4623.2021.11.025

    LIN Na,WANG Wei,WANG Bin.Navel orange orchard plantation information extraction based on random forest and Landsat 8 OLI images[J].Geospatial Information,2021,19(11): 96 - 100 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-4623.2021.11.025
    [21] 熊晓峰,张德州.长三角地区地表覆盖与城市热岛时空演变分析[J].地理空间信息,2021,19(11): 71 - 74 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-4623.2021.11.018

    XIONG Xiaofeng,ZHANG Dezhou.Spatio-temporal variations analysis of land coverage types and urban heat island for Yangtze River Delta[J].Geospatial Information,2021,19(11): 71 - 74 . doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-4623.2021.11.018
    [22] 潘怀忠.志丹县苹果产业发展战略及低商品率问题研究[D].杨凌:西北农林科技大学,2018.

    PAN Huaizhong.Study on apple industry development strategy and low commodity rate in Zhidan[D].Yangling:Northwest A & F University,2018.
    [23] 刘红,党晓东,都全胜,等.基于随机森林算法的日光温室内气温预测模型研究[J].中国农学通报,2020,36(25): 95 - 100 .

    LIU Hong,DANG Xiaodong,DU Quansheng,etal.Temperature prediction model in solar greenhouse based on stochastic forest algorithm[J].Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2020,36(25): 95 - 100 .
    [24] 李文娟,赵放,郦敏杰,等.基于数值预报和随机森林算法的强对流天气分类预报技术[J].气象,2018,44(12): 1555 - 1564 .

    LI Wenjuan,ZHAO Fang,LI Minjie,et al.Forecasting and classification of severe convective weather based on numerical forecast and random forest algorithm[J].Meteorology Monthly,2018,44(12): 1555 - 1564 .
    [25] 刘新伟,蒋盈沙,黄武斌,等.基于雷达产品和随机森林算法的冰雹天气分类识别及预报[J].高原气象,2021,40(4): 898 - 908 . doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2020.00063

    LIU Xinwei,JIANG Yingsha,HUANG Wubin,et al.Classified identification and nowcast of hail weather based on radar products and random forest algorithm[J].Plateau Meteorology,2021,40(4): 898 - 908 . doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2020.00063
    [26] 唐启义.DPS数据处理系统:实验设计、统计分析及数据挖掘[M].北京:科学出版社,2010.
    [27] 孙智辉,刘志超,杨丽,等.丘陵沟壑区4月日最低温度的差异特征[J].陕西气象,2022(4): 50 - 56 .
    [28] 王景红,柏秦凤,梁轶,等.2013 年陕西苹果花期冻害气象条件分析及受冻指标研究[J].果树学报,2015,32(1): 100 - 107 .

    WANG Jinghong,BAI Qinfeng,LIANG Yi,et al.Study on freezing index and weather conditions causing Shaanxi apple florescence freezing injury in 2013[J].Journal of Fruit Science,2015,32(1): 100 - 107 .
  • 加载中
图(7)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  18
  • HTML全文浏览量:  3
  • PDF下载量:  8
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-02-23
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-08
  • 出版日期:  2023-08-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回