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等离子堆焊技术在农机零部件加工中的应用

邢东伦 王亦奇 柯长松 鲍曼雨 汪瑞军

邢东伦,王亦奇,柯长松,等.等离子堆焊技术在农机零部件加工中的应用[J].农业工程,2023,13(8):92-99. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2023.08.016
引用本文: 邢东伦,王亦奇,柯长松,等.等离子堆焊技术在农机零部件加工中的应用[J].农业工程,2023,13(8):92-99. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2023.08.016
XING Donglun,WANG Yiqi,KE Changsong,et al.Application of plasma transferred arc welding technology in processing of agricultural machinery components[J].Agricultural Engineering,2023,13(8):92-99. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2023.08.016
Citation: XING Donglun,WANG Yiqi,KE Changsong,et al.Application of plasma transferred arc welding technology in processing of agricultural machinery components[J].Agricultural Engineering,2023,13(8):92-99. doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2023.08.016

等离子堆焊技术在农机零部件加工中的应用

doi: 10.19998/j.cnki.2095-1795.2023.08.016
基金项目: 2020年国家新材料生产应用示范平台建设项目(TC200H01X-05)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    邢东伦,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事材料表面工程技术研究 E-mail:43703673@qq.com

    汪瑞军,通信作者,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事表面工程和再制造工程研究E-mail:13701380963@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TG455

Application of Plasma Transferred Arc Welding Technology in Processing of Agricultural Machinery Components

  • 摘要:

    等离子堆焊是一种与基体呈冶金结合的表面处理技术,具有效率高、成本低、操作简单及应用广泛等优点。简述了等离子堆焊的基本原理,并从等离子堆焊工艺参数、等离子堆焊辅助工艺、等离子堆焊数值模拟,以及等离子堆焊技术在农机零部件中应用4个方面,总结了等离子堆焊技术的发展现状。其中,等离子堆焊工艺参数方面,着重介绍了堆焊电流、堆焊速度和送粉速率对堆焊层性能的影响;等离子堆焊辅助工艺方面,重点阐述了超声、磁场和热处理3种辅助工艺在提高堆焊层质量方面的作用。最后展望了等离子堆焊技术在农机零部件中应用的发展趋势。

     

  • 图 1  钨极氩弧焊与等离子堆焊对比

    Figure 1.  Comparison between TIG and plasma transferred arc welding

    图 2  等离子堆焊工作原理

    Figure 2.  Working principle of plasma transferred arc welding

    图 3  送粉速率对组织的影响

    Figure 3.  Effect of powder feeding speed on microstructure

    图 4  不同超声功率下堆焊层的显微硬度与微观组织

    Figure 4.  Microhardness and microstructure of surfacing layer under different ultrasonic powers

    图 5  等离子转移弧加热下有限元模拟结果

    Figure 5.  Finite element simulation results under plasma transfer arc heating

    图 6  等离子堆焊制备旋耕刀

    Figure 6.  Preparation of rotary tiller by plasma transferred arc welding

    图 7  割草机刀片磨损宏观形貌对比

    Figure 7.  Comparison of macroscopic morphology of mower blade wear

    图 8  犁铲作业后表面形态

    Figure 8.  Surface morphology after plow and shovel operation

    表  1  等离子堆焊主要工艺参数及作用

    Table  1.   Main process parameters and functions of plasma transferred arc welding

    参数名称作用
    堆焊电流高电流,熔化能力增加,粉末烧损;低电流,存在气孔、未熔现象
    电弧电压过低,不易引弧,电弧较软;过高,易引弧,稀释率增加
    堆焊速度堆焊速度增加,热输入量减小;反之,基材会过热
    送粉速率送粉速率大,堆焊层厚;反之,则堆焊层薄
    离子气流量过大,易造成翻渣现象;过小,对电弧压缩能力减小,电弧较软
    焊枪距离距离大,熔透能力降低;距离小,飞溅物易黏附喷嘴,堵塞送粉孔
    保护气流量保护气流量过大,吹散粉末;过小,容易氧化
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-25
  • 修回日期:  2023-07-07
  • 出版日期:  2023-08-20

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